M.58 Nỗ lực không hoãn, không căng
Đoạn này chỉ ra một điểm đơn giản mà quan trọng cho tinh tấn (cf. *L.30).
Có một sa-môn, ban đêm tụng kinh, cảm thấy sầu muộn; ý có hối tiếc, muốn nghỉ về nhà. Phật gọi sa-môn đến mà hỏi rằng, ‘Khi ông tại gia, thường làm gì vui?’ Sa-môn ấy đáp, ‘Con thường chơi đàn.’ Phật nói, ‘Dây chùng thì sao?’ Thưa rằng, ‘Không kêu’. Phật hỏi, ‘Nếu căng?’ Thưa, ‘Đàn nghe chát.’- ‘Không chùng, không căng, thì sao?’ Thưa ‘Nghe êm, hòa.’ Phật dạy sa-môn: ‘Học đạo cũng vậy. Giữ tâm hài hòa, đạo có thể đắc.’
‘Sūtra of Forty-two Sections’/Sishierzhang jing, section 33, Taishō. vol.17, text 784, p.723c13–17, trans, D.S.
The middle way
M.58 The need for effort that is neither too slack nor too forced
This passage makes a simple but important point about spiritual effort (cf. *L.32)
There was a renunciant who was reciting scriptures at night, and who was melancholy. His mind was full of regret and doubt, and he wanted to return to ordinary life. The Buddha called the renunciant, and asked him, ‘When you lived as a householder, what did you do?’ He replied, ‘I used to play the lute.’ The Buddha said, ‘What happened if the strings were too slack?’ He replied, ‘It wouldn’t make any sound.’ The Buddha asked, ‘What if the strings were too taut?’ He said, ‘The sounds would be short and dampened.’ The Buddha asked, ‘What if the strings were neither too slack nor too taut?’ He said, ‘The sounds were clearly audible.’ The Buddha said to the renunciant, ‘Practising the path is like this. If you adjust your mind properly, you will be successful on the path.’
‘Sūtra of Forty-two Sections’/Sishierzhang jing, section 33,Taishō vol.17, text 784, p.723c13–17, trans, D.S.
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